Design for Manufacturability
Design for Manufacturability, or DFM, is an engineering design methodology focusing on designing products that can be quickly and inexpensively manufactured. The goal is to reduce manufacturing costs while ensuring that products meet customer requirements. DFM is especially important in the design of plastic injection molded products, as the design of the mold itself is a critical factor in determining manufacturability.
In addition, by using DFM techniques, engineers can avoid potential manufacturability problems before they occur, saving time and money in the design and development process. As a result, Design for Manufacturability is an essential tool for anyone designing plastic injection molded products.
At Nicolet Plastics, we have the experience and expertise to help you design your plastic injection molded products for manufacturability. We can work with you to ensure that your products are designed for efficient and cost-effective manufacturing.
Plastic Injection Molding Design for Manufacturability (DFM)
Design for manufacturability (DFM) is a critical early stage in the development process to ensure your part can be cost-effectively produced with repeatable quality. Beginning with understanding the parts intended use, the DFM approach requires attentiveness to all facets of part design including material section, the design of the tool, and the production process.
Injection Molding’s Importance in DFM
Design for manufacturability, or DFM, is a critical aspect of plastic injection molding. By designing products with manufacturability, you can save time and money in the manufacturing process.
There are several factors to consider when designing for manufacturability, including the type of plastic, the part geometry, and the mold design.
The type of plastic you use is essential for DFM
Some plastics are more accessible to mold than others. For example, polycarbonate is a difficult plastic to mold and requires special tooling and cooling considerations. On the other hand, polypropylene is a relatively easy plastic to mold and does not require as much specialized tooling.
The geometry of the part also affects manufacturability.
Sharp corners and intricate features can be difficult to mold, resulting in poor-quality parts. Instead, try a plastic part design with rounded corners and simpler features.
The mold design is also crucial for DFM
The shape and size of the mold cavity affect how easily the plastic can flow into the mold. If the cavity is too small or too complex, it can cause problems during the injection process. In addition, the parting line of the mold affects manufacturability. A well-designed parting line will make removing the part from the mold easier.
DFM should be considered from the very beginning of the product development process. By taking into account these factors, you can create products that are easier and cheaper to manufacture.
Effective Component Design Strategies
Describe the application
The potential environmental effects of a product should be taken into account during the product development process. This includes its intended use as well as any potential regulatory compliance issues.
Furthermore, exposure to chemicals, liquids, and temperature extremes should also be considered. Finally, aesthetics such as color and surface appearance are important factors in product development. All of these considerations are important to developing a product that will have a minimal environmental impact.
Choosing the right materials is vital to the product development process. Shrinkage factors differ depending on the type of material, so it’s best to set these out immediately. We’ve been working with engineering resins for years and can handle thermoplastic and thermoset polymers.
We’ll collaborate with you to select the proper materials for your product, weighing such things as strength, durability, weight, and cost into consideration. With our knowledge, we can assist you in developing a product that meets your specific demands.
Things to consider when choosing materials:
- Consider the applications and environment your team will experience.
- Make sure you are aware of any applicable regulatory requirements.
- Choose a resin appropriate for the application and meet any required performance specifications.
- If the price of branded goods is a concern, inquire about other options.
- Consider how the resin will affect maintenance intervals for the mold.
Regarding tool design, there are a few key things to keep in mind to minimize costs and secondary finishing steps.
- Simplify wherever possible. Eliminating unnecessary complexity will reduce the overall cost of the tool.
- Consider the product’s design for manufacturability. This includes choosing the right material for the job and designing features that can be easily produced.
- Think about how the tool will be used and how its design can facilitate it. For example, ergonomic considerations can make a tool more comfortable and easy to use, improving productivity
By keeping these things in mind during the tool design process, it is possible to create tools that are both cost-effective and easy to use.
The production process begins with the injection molding part design. The injection molding machine melts the plastic pellets and injects them into the mold. Once the plastic has cooled, the part is ejected from the mold and sent to any secondary services.
These services are all done in-house to provide you with a high-quality product. We have a team of highly skilled engineers who are dedicated to producing efficient and cost-effective solutions for your injection molded parts.
Keys to Successful Part Design
Describe the environment, intended use, regulatory compliance, and important mechanical properties. Consider chemical, liquid, and temperature exposure. Determine aesthetics like color and surface appearance.
Materials have different shrinkage factors so it’s critical to define it at the outset. We’re experienced with engineering resins and can handle both thermoplastic and thermoset polymers.
This critical piece has a substantial impact on your tooling cost and piece cost. We’ll look at every option to take cost out by eliminating unnecessary complexity and reduce secondary finishing steps.
This is where we select molding processes, automation, and any secondary services to efficiently produce and finish your part. We offer complete value-added services like machining, kitting, and assembly.
Early Design Involvement
We encourage early design consultation to optimize your design, save you money, and find ways to gain a competitive advantage for your product.
- Weight reduction opportunities
- Identify equivalent alternatives to branded materials
- Eliminating fabrication and assembly steps
- Improving strength and structure by tool design and additives
- Properly located and sized gates (impacts quality and cycle time)
- Reduce cycle time by design
- Optimize tool for uniform cooling throughout mold cavity
Mold Flow Analysis
Mold flow software can be used to evaluate the design to make sure it will produce the most consistent and highest quality parts from each cavity of the tool. A virtual model of the mold is created and, using the known data and characteristics of the chosen material, the software can predict how the material will flow into the mold and its cavities. Different data points can be assessed, including pressure, fill time and melt temperature. Doing so allows for optimization of the process before tool production ever begins.
- Help identify potential problems
- Help identify ideal injection molding gate designs
- Shows the last areas of the part to fill
- Shows how the material will orient with the mold,
- Exposes potential warp and stress points.
Advances in polymer science have made tens of thousands available for injection molding processes. You can rely on our experience to identify the best choices for your application – and give you options at different price points. We keep a substantial inventory of engineering and commodity materials on-hand in order to quickly meet our clients’ customized and deadline-driven orders.
Important considerations for material selection includes:
- Does the part need to withstand pressure, weight, temperature variations or elements / chemicals?
- Do any regulatory requirements apply?
- High-performance and specialty resins come with a higher cost.
- Ask about alternatives to branded materials
- Certain resins may increase the maintenance intervals of your mold.
When you need more from your plastics, we have the thermoplastic and engineering resins to make that happen.
Mercury Marine is very selective in who they use as suppliers. Companies must meet the high quality standards and flexibility that Mercury Marine requires. Nicolet Plastics has consistently met these criteria.
Nicolet Plastics and Mercury Marine engineering and purchasing departments worked together to redesign and prototype an existing part. Each prototype met all the specialized criteria, and through combined innovation Nicolet Plastics was able to move the part into production. The cost came in very low, allowing Mercury Marine to save money and use a better quality part.
Nicolet Plastics adapts very quickly to change, can do custom work and provides each client with the personal attention they deserve.Matt Demmin, Packaging Engineer | Mercury Marine
The first project I ever worked on with Nicolet Plastics, Inc. was in the mid 80’s, and since then the partnership has only grown stronger. Nicolet is willing to try anything to produce the results the client is looking for.
They are on the cutting edge with tooling, equipment and design capabilities. Their design review team provides excellent input; they are creative solution-finders and are very easy to work with. NPI delivers a timely response on product and a quick turn around on tools.
When challenged with difficult mold designs Nicolet is able to simplify the process, thereby reducing costs. Utilizing their in-house rapid prototype machine allows the toolmaker to better understand how the tool needs to be created. One quality control advantage that Nicolet provides for the customer is their storyboards, which detail the proper measurements and color specifications of each piece. Through this self-certification process, Nicolet offers customers the assurance of knowing that each piece is manufactured to exact specifications. I have come to expect that quality work will always be there. You don’t realize how good Nicolet is until you try to compare quality and price somewhere else.
From the President of the company to the guys in shipping, the folks at Nicolet are host, hardworking and down to earth, some of the best people I’ve ever worked with.Project Manager, Mechanical Engineering | MRI Devices
I have been working with Nicolet Plastics for 13 years and have never been disappointed. The people at Nicolet Plastics have a true open door policy, and extreme flexibility. They want to be involved in the entire process of your project so they can truly understand the objectives that need to be fulfilled. In my experience, it is rare to find a plastic injection molding company that has the combination of in-house tooling and molding that they do. The quality produced is phenomenal.
Nicolet Plastics is an outstanding company. They are knowledgeable, easy to work with, provide exceptional customer service, produce high quality parts, provide flexible lead times, are always competitive on price and do precision color matching work.”
Nicolet Plastics is a cutting edge company that is always willing to take on a challenge.Pat Kilps, Engineering Manager | Quest Technologies
Time-to-market is critical to being competitive. We pushed Nicolet Plastics to provide tools within a very aggressive timeline and they delivered samples in just six weeks.Dean Walters | Invivo Corporation
Customer Success Stories
- Add value by increasing efficiency
- Implement automation with fast payoff
- Simplify multi-part tool programs
Nicolet Plastics University
Proprietary Education Course
- Exclusive customer training
- Brings disciplines together for accuracy
- Injection molding technology, materials, tooling, & RFQ process
- Ensures tools are specified correctly
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